We took the factors of an tree hollow and turned them into HIIVE so you can give your bees to move back into natural like habitat.
In comparison, bees in magazine hives tend to sit in a large, free-floating square formation in winter. The challenge in such hives is that the warm air generated by the bees can mix with the cold surrounding air. This results in the bees in the center of the cluster being warmer than the outer layers, and there is a constant loss of heat.
The narrow, elongated shape of the hive favors more efficient heat retention, as the compact cluster provides less surface area for heat loss. The bees can therefore stabilize their body temperatures better and the cold ambient air will penetrate the cluster less effectively. This helps the bees in tree hives to use their energy more efficiently to survive the winter cold compared to bees in free-floating magazine hives.
The osmotic processes enable the tree to absorb water from the surrounding soil. This absorbed moisture passes through the tree's woodwork and is released through transpiration, a process in which water vapor escapes through the leaves. This natural release of moisture helps to keep the air in the hive at a constant humidity.
On hot and dry days, the tree acts as a kind of humidity regulator as it moves cool, cold water through the wood. Especially in winter, diserer can influence the moisture exchange, as moisture can be absorbed by the wood and transported away by the suction of the xylem tissue.
These effects help the bees to maintain a balanced and healthy, warm microclimate in their tree cavity, which is crucial for their living conditions.
The grooming behavior of bees has important implications for the control of Varroa mites, which pose a significant threat to bee colonies. Grooming bees recognize Varroa mites on their bodies and attempt to remove them. This can result in the mites falling off or being killed by the bees.
However, the effectiveness of grooming behavior varies between individual bees and colonies.
The winter cluster is a dense collection of bees grouped around the queen. The queen is usually in the center of the cluster, while the workers surround her and keep each other warm. The outer layers of bees in the cluster insulate the group from the cold and act as a protective shield.
The bees in the cluster generate heat through muscle tremors, which keeps the temperature inside the cluster at a constant level. This process allows the bees to survive even at low temperatures as the queen and brood area are protected from frost
The brood nest is the area in the combs where the queen lays eggs, and where the developing brood (egg, larva, pupa) is housed. The bees usually keep the brood nest in the central or lower region of the combs.
The cells at the top of the combs are often used as honey stores. Here the bees store nectar, which is brought in by the foragers and then processed into honey. Honey stores can also be used to store surplus honey.
Next to the brood nest there are often cells in which the bees store pollen. This pollen is collected by the bees and serves as a source of protein for the brood and as food for the adult bees.
Drone combs are special cells in which drones, i.e. the male bees, grow. These combs have larger cells than the workers' combs and are used for rearing the drones.
Breakage of the branch
The process begins with the breaking off of a branch, either by wind, storm or other environmental factors. The branch may become partially or completely detached from the tree, leaving a natural wound on the tree trunk.
Formation of a cavity
The broken branch leaves a void or open structure in the tree trunk. This cavity can have different shapes and sizes, depending on the nature of the tree and the type of branch. In most cases, trees now form an enclosure (farewell collar) to seal off the wound.
Entry of the tree fungus
Tree fungi, known as wood destroyers, have the ability to penetrate the wood and break it down. The broken branch creates an entry point for spores of such saprophytic fungi. A tree fungus that penetrates the cavity begins to decompose and rot the wood.
Hollowing out of the interior
The tree fungus spreads inside the broken branch and starts a process of degradation and decomposition. While the fungus breaks down the wood, a hollow structure is created inside the branch.
Creation of a suitable bee habitat
The increasing hollowing out of the interior creates a suitable habitat for bees. The cavity structure provides a protected space for building honeycombs, rearing offspring and storing food.
Attraction of bees
The bee habitat created attracts bees. Bees have the ability to recognize such natural cavities as potential nesting sites. The bees begin to use the cavity for their activities.
Establishment of a bee tree cavity
Over time, the tree cavity used by the bees becomes more and more established. Dead wood and fungus-infested wood is removed by the bees. The bees build honeycombs, store honey and pollen, breed offspring and organize themselves into a stable colony in their natural habitat.
This process is an example of the amazing adaptability of bees to their environment and how natural events, such as the breaking off of a branch and the invasion of a tree fungus, can lead to the creation of perfect habitats.